Speech-Language Pathologist - Job Description, Duties, Education, Skills, Salary, & Growth

Speech-Language Pathologist


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Job Description

 

Speech-language pathologists work to evaluate, diagnose, and treat patients with speech and language disorders.  SLPs treat people that have swallowing disorders or speech, language, and communication complications.

Most of these issues are the results of stroke, hearing loss, brain injury, or pathological stress. For instance, a person with a stutter would work with a SLP to correct their speech and break the barriers that hinder their communication. 

Speech-Language pathologists also serve as teaching faculty at universities, occupy management positions at clinics or private practices, work to devise better treatments and diagnostic procedures for communications problems, research the behavior related to linguistic disorders, and study human communication processes to advance scientific research.

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Responsibilities

 

SLPs work with patients to evaluate needs and level of speech or language difficulty. They assess communication problems with basic reading and speaking tasks and work with their patients to find a suitable path to treatment. 

SLPs guide patients in a step-by-step treatment plan to enable recovery. Their patients may be unable to speak or have rhythm and fluency problems, like stuttering, and take many hours of treatment.

SLPs deal with a wide range of speech-language problems like stuttering, harsh and high-pitched voices, trauma victims, neurological disorders, and those born with a cleft pallet or cerebral palsy.

Because of this, they have many responsibilities that include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Teach patients correct sounds and instruct them on how to improve their voices

  • Help patients with little to no speech capabilities learn alternative communication methods like sign language.

  • Teach reading and writing skills

  • Practice techniques to strengthen swallowing muscles 

  • Counsel patients and their families on how to cope with problems and overcome emotional stress that has derived from speech and communication issues

Along with creating treatment plans and working through the steps with their patients, Speech-Language Pathologists also have to take care of administrative tasks. These include:

  • Keeping records

  • Documenting evaluations and diagnostics

  • Track treatment progress

  • Record changes in condition

  • Complete final evaluations

For SLPs that work as professors in universities or colleges they usually carry out all the previously listed duties as well as creating curriculum for their classes, administering tests, and researching for writing, publishing, and advancing scientific data. 

Other SLPs, that work in K-12 school systems, collaborate with teachers, students, and parents to carry out individual or group programs and provide counseling when needed. 

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Skills

 

Speech-language pathologists often work with people who are frustrated by their difficulties and their treatment plans take time, so it's important they have certain interpersonal and emotional skills to deal with emotionally stressed patients and difficult situations.

Some of the necessary skills include:

Communication

Must be able to clearly convey thoughts and ideas about patient's treatment plans and diagnoses. Must correspond with other medical professionals to ensure patient care.

Compassion

Especially important when dealing with frustrated patients and empathizing with their journey.

Critical Thinking

Must use logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Detail-Oriented

They must carefully listen and work with patients to enable treatment. SLPs must pay close attention and concentrate to understand and help patients. 

Listening Skills

Must be able to identify complex problems and develop and evaluate corrective options and implement solutions. Must listen to patients to determine problems and treatments.

Empathy

Must be able to empathize with a patient's pain and difficulties. Need to make people feel comfortable and meet them at their emotional level to humanize themselves since they deal with sensitive issues.

Patience

Since it takes long hours, close attention, and overcoming frustrations, a SLP must be calm and work through the process slowly.

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Working Conditions

 

Speech-language pathologists may work full-time for a single organization or may have a part-time job that could involve considerable travel time between job locations.

Almost half of all SLPs work in schools, so their environment consists of a classroom or small counseling office setting. 

Those with a full-time job usually work a 40-hour work week, frequently as the member of team made up of some mix of doctors, audiologists, social workers, rehabilitation counselors, and psychologists.

And if they work in hospitals, or private practices, they have an environment that is usually cool and well lit. Some have comfortable seats and a setting to help ease the anxiety that their patients have. 

A speech-language pathologist may work for a hospital, a private practice, or an educational organization. They work with a range of patients, from infants to elderly people, while coordinating and cooperating with other healthcare and rehabilitation professionals.

They provide counseling to individuals and their families, and use technology to more accurately diagnose and assess speech disorders.

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Salary Outlook

Title Company Location Posted
01.17.2020
Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) Elkin, NC Hugh Chatham Memorial Hospital Speech Therapy PRN - 1st Shift As-Needed Req #: 3841-2393 Posted: November 4, 2019 Apply Now Save Job Summary The Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) is...
09.13.2019
Casual Call: The Speech Language Pathologist is responsible for overseeing the provision of speech and language services and providing direct service to residents/patients. The Speech and Language Therapist is responsible for the evaluation,...
01.17.2020
Township of Manchester, NJ Part-time Position Title: Speech Language Pathologist Department: Rehabilitative Services Start Date: ASAP Work hours: Per Diem Requirements: Deliver an outstanding rehabilitative customer experience as a...
01.17.2020
The SpeechLanguage Pathologist assess, diagnose, treat, and help prevent communication and swallowing disorders. The Speech-Language Pathologist will develop treatment plans and completes all documentation in a timely manner. Masters degree and...
01.17.2020
The Speech Language Pathologist provides optimal speech-language pathology services to include evaluation, treatment, planning, and patient/family education and discharge planning for patients with disorders of communication, deglutition and...
01.17.2020
Responsible for evaluation, assessment, goal-setting, and planning of speech-language pathology treatments for patients. Evaluates, plans, directs and treats all patients referred to speech therapy to restore function and prevent disability...
11.11.2019
Parker is a pioneer in the field of long-term care and aging services. We are among the first to embrace person-directed care, small home models, and changing the conversation around aging in America. Parker is a not-for-profit organization with...
01.17.2020
Basic Functions: This position embodies the Memorial Health System Performance Excellence Standards of Safety, Courtesy, Quality, and Efficiency that support our mission, vision and values. These standards are evident in the daily work, which...
01.17.2020
In an environment of continuous quality improvement, the Speech-Language Pathologist is responsible for providing evaluative and rehabilitative services for communicatively impaired individuals. Exhibits the MHS Standards of Excellence and...
01.17.2020
SLP-CCC (Speech Language Pathologist) Jonesville, NC Hugh Chatham Memorial Hospital Home Health Full Time - 1st Shift Monday-Friday 8:00am-5:00pm Req #: 4819-3247 Posted: November 8, 2019 Apply Now Save Job Summary The Speech...
01.17.2020
Speech Language Pathologist MaineHealth Care at Home Rockland, ME Full Time, Days MaineHealth Care at Home is seeking a Speech Language Pathologist in Rockland. This position provides skilled, cost-effective speech therapy services to...
12.19.2019
The Speech Language Pathologist II Head & Neck reports to the Clinical Manager of Speech Language Pathology. Under limited supervision, the Speech Language Pathologist is responsible for the provision of treatment and intervention for...
11.09.2018
The Speech Language Pathologist shall be responsible for providing a full range of speech-language pathology services including assessment, treatment planning and therapeutic interventions in an interdisciplinary environment consistent with the...
01.17.2020
Position Title: Speech Language Pathologist - Outpatient Therapy Department: Rehab Services Job Description: General Description: Under general supervision, will evaluate, diagnose and recommend a treatment plan for communication...
11.22.2019
Childrens Specialized Hospital is the nations leading provider of inpatient and outpatient care for children from birth to 21 years of age facing special health challenges from chronic illnesses and complex physical disabilities like brain and...
  1. Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) Elkin, NC Hugh Chatham Memorial Hospital
    Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) Elkin, NC Hugh Chatham Memorial Hospital Speech Therapy PRN - 1st Shift As-Needed Req #: 3841-2393 Posted: November 4, 2019 Apply Now Save Job Summary The Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) is...
  2. Speech Language Pathologist Winnemucca , NV Humboldt General Hospital
    Casual Call: The Speech Language Pathologist is responsible for overseeing the provision of speech and language services and providing direct service to residents/patients. The Speech and Language Therapist is responsible for the evaluation,...
  3. Speech Language Pathologist Wall Township, NJ SpringPoint Senior Living
    Township of Manchester, NJ Part-time Position Title: Speech Language Pathologist Department: Rehabilitative Services Start Date: ASAP Work hours: Per Diem Requirements: Deliver an outstanding rehabilitative customer experience as a...
  4. Speech Language Pathologist PRN Cleveland, OH St Vincent Charity Medical Center
    The SpeechLanguage Pathologist assess, diagnose, treat, and help prevent communication and swallowing disorders. The Speech-Language Pathologist will develop treatment plans and completes all documentation in a timely manner. Masters degree and...
  5. Speech Language Pathologist-PRN Newberry, SC Newberry County Memorial Hospital
    The Speech Language Pathologist provides optimal speech-language pathology services to include evaluation, treatment, planning, and patient/family education and discharge planning for patients with disorders of communication, deglutition and...
  6. Speech Language Pathologist or Speech Language Pathologist Assistant Abilene, TX Uvalde Memorial Hospital
    Responsible for evaluation, assessment, goal-setting, and planning of speech-language pathology treatments for patients. Evaluates, plans, directs and treats all patients referred to speech therapy to restore function and prevent disability...
  7. Speech Language Pathologist Piscataway, NJ Parker
    Parker is a pioneer in the field of long-term care and aging services. We are among the first to embrace person-directed care, small home models, and changing the conversation around aging in America. Parker is a not-for-profit organization with...
  8. Speech and Language Pathologist Springfield, IL Memorial Health System
    Basic Functions: This position embodies the Memorial Health System Performance Excellence Standards of Safety, Courtesy, Quality, and Efficiency that support our mission, vision and values. These standards are evident in the daily work, which...
  9. Speech-Language Pathologist Marietta, OH Memorial Health System
    In an environment of continuous quality improvement, the Speech-Language Pathologist is responsible for providing evaluative and rehabilitative services for communicatively impaired individuals. Exhibits the MHS Standards of Excellence and...
  10. SLP-CCC (Speech Language Pathologist) Elkin, NC Hugh Chatham Memorial Hospital
    SLP-CCC (Speech Language Pathologist) Jonesville, NC Hugh Chatham Memorial Hospital Home Health Full Time - 1st Shift Monday-Friday 8:00am-5:00pm Req #: 4819-3247 Posted: November 8, 2019 Apply Now Save Job Summary The Speech...
  11. Speech Language Pathologist - Coastal Region Portland, ME MaineHealth
    Speech Language Pathologist MaineHealth Care at Home Rockland, ME Full Time, Days MaineHealth Care at Home is seeking a Speech Language Pathologist in Rockland. This position provides skilled, cost-effective speech therapy services to...
  12. Speech Language Pathologist II - Head & Neck Charleston, SC Medical University of South Carolina
    The Speech Language Pathologist II Head & Neck reports to the Clinical Manager of Speech Language Pathology. Under limited supervision, the Speech Language Pathologist is responsible for the provision of treatment and intervention for...
  13. SPEECH LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIST Hattiesburg, MS Forrest Health
    The Speech Language Pathologist shall be responsible for providing a full range of speech-language pathology services including assessment, treatment planning and therapeutic interventions in an interdisciplinary environment consistent with the...
  14. Speech Language Pathologist - Outpatient Therapy Oklahoma City, OK OU Medicine
    Position Title: Speech Language Pathologist - Outpatient Therapy Department: Rehab Services Job Description: General Description: Under general supervision, will evaluate, diagnose and recommend a treatment plan for communication...
  15. Speech Language Pathologist Mountainside, NJ Children's Specialized Hospital
    Childrens Specialized Hospital is the nations leading provider of inpatient and outpatient care for children from birth to 21 years of age facing special health challenges from chronic illnesses and complex physical disabilities like brain and...