Biomedical and Laboratory Practice - Job Description, Duties, Education, Skills, Salary, & Growth

Biomedical and Laboratory Practice

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Job Description


Biomedical and Laboratory Practice is an umbrella term referring to public health professionals in many areas of study.  

They are required to use lab techniques in order to diagnose and treat diseases. Lab techniques are also used to examine specific conditions and variables that affect the status of an individual's, community's, or nation's health.

Public health professions in this category include: 

  • Biochemists

  • Molecular biologists

  • Biophysicists

  • Cell biologists

  • Cytopathologists

  • Computational biologists

  • Bioinformaticists

  • Developmental biologists

  • Epidemiologists

  • Geneticists

  • Haematologists

  • Blood Transfusionists

  • Histopathologists

  • Immunologists

  • Microbiologists

  • Neuroscientists

  • Oncologists

  • Pathologists

  • Pharmacologists

  • Virologists  

Like any other public health professional, the objective is to prevent disease and promote healthier lifestyles.

Depending on individual preference for specific fields, one can become a biomedical scientist in practically any aspect of health care or laboratory research.




In this field, public health professionals are tasked with protecting the public from harmful diseases or addictive substances.

Many spend their time researching, developing, and implementing campaigns to spread awareness and promote healthier lifestyles.

Biomedical scientists are also responsible for studying bacterium and how they affect the human body, using lab techniques for diagnosing and treating illnesses, preventing and controlling viruses and diseases, and monitor microorganisms.




Public health is a highly diverse field and practically any skill can be said to be beneficial. However, most notably, after mastery of a chosen specialization, is the ability to coordinate and work as part of a team or community of professionals.

Additionally, highly developed communication skills will benefit anyone pursuing biomedical and laboratory science looking to develop public campaigns, along with intuitive problem-solving and time management skills.

Developing these skills earlier can lead to overall better performance well before entering the field as well.


Working Conditions


These public health professionals work primarily in laboratories, in both the public and private sectors, in a collaborative effort to find solutions to some of the largest problems facing human health.

Biomedical scientists may also work with patients from time to time, but much less so than other medical professionals as they are often restricted from congregating with the public whatsoever.

Hours can be long with this position, depending on the project or task at hand. Some overnight shifts are possible, but rarely the norm.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, biomedical scientists were employed by the following industries: 

Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences


Colleges, universities, and professional schools; state 21%
General medical and surgical hospitals; private 10%
Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing 8%
Offices of physicians 4%


Salary Outlook