Psychologist - Job Description, Duties, Education, Skills, Salary, & Growth

Psychologist

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Psychologist Overview

 

Psychology studies the mind and behavior, embracing all aspects of the human experience. Its studies encompass everything from the functioning of the brain to the actions of nations, from the developmental stages of a child to care for the elderly.

Understanding behavior is the purview of Psychologists, whether they are working in scientific research centers or mental health care service positions.

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Responsibilities

 

While a psychologist will traditionally treat patients with mental or emotional issues, they may also serve as research scientists in the phenomenon of human and non-human behavior.

Psychologists study how humans relate to each other and to the environment around them, including human relations to machines, and how these relationships are improved.

Psychologists concentrate on behaviors that affect the mental health and emotional well-being, as well as mental functioning, of healthy human beings.

When doing research, psychologists follow the scientific method, using careful observation, controlled experimentation and precise analysis.

Their theories of human behavior are tested through their research. As new information is gleaned, psychologists’ findings are incorporated into the body of knowledge that active practitioners call upon in their clinical work with patients and clients.

The field of psychology is tremendously varied. Psychologists perform both basic and applied research, and serve as consultants to communities and organizations.

They diagnose and treat patients with mental or emotional issues, test intelligence and personality traits. Some Psychologists choose to teach future psychologists and other students.

Psychologists are excellent resources for information needed to understand different cultures in an increasingly diverse population.

A psychologist has many avenues open to him or her when it comes to deciding on a setting in which to practice. Some of the different career options available within the profession include:

  • Working with business executives, athletes and performers to improve performance and relieve stress.

  • Advising lawyers on jury selection

  • Collaborating with educators to design school reforms

  • Grief and trauma counseling, such as working with victims after a traumatic event such as a plane crash or a school shooting

  • Working with law enforcement to analyze the causes of certain events

  • Collaborating with public health officials to devise plans for coping with and preventing reoccurrence of disastrous events

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Skills

 

Since psychologists encounter a wide range of people with a variety of problems, they must have a long list of skills that allows them to interact with people effectively and treat emotional and psychological issues. Along with professional skills, psychologists need interpersonal skills, and to be ethical and stable people.

Their skills include, but are not limited to, the following:

Communication

Must effectively communicate with your co-workers to ensure the best care and the proper procedures. Must be able to communicate in high-stress environments.

Empathy

Must be very compassionate and able to empathize with a patient's pain and other difficulties. They are able to make people feel comfortable and meet them at their emotional level to humanize themselves and let people know they care.

Emotional Stability

Must be emotionally stable so they can help others who are not. Must be a solid foundation and be able to handle stress and separate personal emotion so as to stay objective and be effective in treatment.

Ethics

Psychologists must have a solid ethical code and keep sessions with patients confidential as they can greatly affect people's lives. Must know that there could be consequences for error.

Interpersonal

Must be able to work well with people and meet with them on an emotional level and interact with them effectively.

Open-Mindedness

Psychologists interact with a range of people from all walks of life, therefore they must be open-minded and tolerant of different cultures and circumstances. Since they are in a research field, they must be open to new studies and findings as to adapt with changing times.

Trustworthiness

People have to trust their psychologist. The job is all about inspiring patients to confide in you and trust you with their problems. If you aren't trustworthy, you will never make it as a Psychologist.

Patience

Psychologists need to be very patient due to long sessions with patients and the research needed to become a better professional. They must understand it takes time to see results and be willing to put in that time.

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Working Conditions

 

Independent practice is the preferred employment setting for many Psychologists. They may also work in collaboration with these professionals:

  • Physicians

  • Scientists

  • Lawyers

  • Computer experts

  • School personnel

  • Engineers

  • Policymakers

  • Managers

Psychologists commonly work in the following environments:

  • Hospitals

  • Laboratories

  • Courtrooms

  • Public and private schools

  • Colleges and universities

  • Community health centers

  • Assisted living facilities

  • Prisons

  • Corporate offices

Most psychologists profess to be very satisfied with their work, citing the variety in daily tasks and the flexibility of their schedules as major pluses in favor of the profession.

Their interest is fascinated by the exciting changes happening in the field, from adapting technology to work in conjunction with humans to psychologists working as part of a primary health care team.

Psychologists are working to find answers to research questions in such areas as perception, prevention and learning, helping educators train the next generations through the use of new technology and knowledge. 

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Salary Outlook

Title Company Location Posted
08.18.2017
The Clinical Psychologist provides a comprehensive range of evaluation and treatment processes for patient/family through biopsychosocial assessment including psychological evaluation instruments (such as MMPI). The Clinical Psychologist...
04.29.2016
The Pain Clinic Psychologist will carry out psycho-diagnostic and psycho-therapeutic activities for the Anesthesia Pain Medicine Service. The Psychologist will develop psychological assessments and cognitive treatments in parallel with other...
08.21.2017
VCU Health System's Feeding Program ChoR is seeking a full time Clinical Psychologist. The Clinical Psychologist provides clinical psychology services to patients and their families. Prepares treatment plans, interventions and continually...
08.21.2017
The psychologist performs psychological evaluations and provides translatable treatment recommendations that incorporate existing evidenced-based treatment protocols. Essential Responsibilities: Conducts psychological evaluations. Leads...
08.21.2017
Essentia Health Duluth Clinic Outpatient Clinic, may include some Inpatient and regional outreach JOB SUMMARY To provide therapeutic services and psychological evaluations to patients of all ages. This is to include but is not limited to...
08.21.2017
Come and join our experienced rehabilitation team as a psychologist in our comprehensive outpatient neurorehabilitation program. This position provides psychology services to individuals and families who have experienced illness and/or injury...
08.07.2017
Department: Psychiatric/Psychology Department A Life-Changing Career Position Summary: Mayo’s PRC program gave me my life back! Thank you for helping me reach goals that were beyond my expectations! Do you want to join a program that...
03.29.2016
The Center for Disabilities and Development (CDD) is dedicated to improving the health and independence of people with disabilities and creating a life with opportunities for everyone. As a multi-disciplinary center of excellence, The CDD...
08.23.2017
Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1993386 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are...
08.23.2017
Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1993508 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are...
08.21.2017
Psychologist Pediatric- Doctoral-Polinsky Duluth, Minnesota Essentia Health, headquartered in Duluth, Minnesota, is a level 3 Accountable Care Organization and integrated health system serving patients in Minnesota, Wisconsin, North Dakota and...
08.21.2017
Psychologist Pediatric- Doctoral-Polinsky Duluth, Minnesota Essentia Health, headquartered in Duluth, Minnesota, is a level 3 Accountable Care Organization and integrated health system serving patients in Minnesota, Wisconsin, North Dakota and...
08.23.2017
Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1998792 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are...
08.23.2017
Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1998803 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are...
08.23.2017
Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1999602 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are...
  1. Clinical Psychologist Indianapolis, IN Eskenazi Health
    The Clinical Psychologist provides a comprehensive range of evaluation and treatment processes for patient/family through biopsychosocial assessment including psychological evaluation instruments (such as MMPI). The Clinical Psychologist...
  2. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST Iowa City, IA University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
    The Pain Clinic Psychologist will carry out psycho-diagnostic and psycho-therapeutic activities for the Anesthesia Pain Medicine Service. The Psychologist will develop psychological assessments and cognitive treatments in parallel with other...
  3. Clin Psychologist (CH) Richmond, VA VCU Health System
    VCU Health System's Feeding Program ChoR is seeking a full time Clinical Psychologist. The Clinical Psychologist provides clinical psychology services to patients and their families. Prepares treatment plans, interventions and continually...
  4. Staff Psychologist Boston, MA Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
    The psychologist performs psychological evaluations and provides translatable treatment recommendations that incorporate existing evidenced-based treatment protocols. Essential Responsibilities: Conducts psychological evaluations. Leads...
  5. Psychologist Doctorate, Duluth MN Duluth, MN Essentia Health
    Essentia Health Duluth Clinic Outpatient Clinic, may include some Inpatient and regional outreach JOB SUMMARY To provide therapeutic services and psychological evaluations to patients of all ages. This is to include but is not limited to...
  6. Psychologist Doctoral Level-Adult, Polinsky Rehab Duluth Duluth, MN Essentia Health
    Come and join our experienced rehabilitation team as a psychologist in our comprehensive outpatient neurorehabilitation program. This position provides psychology services to individuals and families who have experienced illness and/or injury...
  7. PSYCHOLOGIST-MASTERS LVL Job Rochester, MN Mayo Clinic - Rochester
    Department: Psychiatric/Psychology Department A Life-Changing Career Position Summary: Mayo’s PRC program gave me my life back! Thank you for helping me reach goals that were beyond my expectations! Do you want to join a program that...
  8. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST Iowa City, IA University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
    The Center for Disabilities and Development (CDD) is dedicated to improving the health and independence of people with disabilities and creating a life with opportunities for everyone. As a multi-disciplinary center of excellence, The CDD...
  9. Psychologist (Compensation and Pension) Des Moines, IA VA Central Iowa Health Care System
    Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1993386 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are...
  10. Psychologist (Compensation and Pension) Des Moines, IA VA Central Iowa Health Care System
    Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1993508 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are...
  11. PSYCHOLOGIST(Doctorate) Pediatrics, Polinsky, Duluth, MN Duluth, MN Essentia Health
    Psychologist Pediatric- Doctoral-Polinsky Duluth, Minnesota Essentia Health, headquartered in Duluth, Minnesota, is a level 3 Accountable Care Organization and integrated health system serving patients in Minnesota, Wisconsin, North Dakota and...
  12. PSYCHOLOGIST(Doctorate) Pediatrics Casual, Polinsky, Duluth, MN Duluth, MN Essentia Health
    Psychologist Pediatric- Doctoral-Polinsky Duluth, Minnesota Essentia Health, headquartered in Duluth, Minnesota, is a level 3 Accountable Care Organization and integrated health system serving patients in Minnesota, Wisconsin, North Dakota and...
  13. Psychologist (Health Behavior Coordinator) Des Moines, IA VA Central Iowa Health Care System
    Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1998792 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are...
  14. Psychologist (Health Behavior Coordinator) Des Moines, IA VA Central Iowa Health Care System
    Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1998803 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are...
  15. Substance Use Disorders (SUD) Psychologist Des Moines, IA VA Central Iowa Health Care System
    Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1999602 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are...